Concrete Surfaces Prepare surfaces for plastering Preparation of stone and concrete surfaces, brick, stone, concrete and other surfaces to be plastering, should be thoroughly cleaned from dust, dirt, grease and bitumen stains, as well as projections on the surface of salt. Surface rough enough (eg, concrete, made in metal, planed planks or plywood formwork) are processed threaded, knurled. Preparation of wood surfaces Before plastering wood surfaces need to check the strength of fixing the partitions and other wooden structures staples ershami, nails and eliminate the excess of the established norm of the deviation to be plastering the surfaces of the vertical and horizontal lines: - for walls and partitions, deviations from the vertical in the frame before the max-allowed 10 mm and 5 mm shield Floor - Ceiling horizontal deflection should not exceed 0.5% of the length or width of the room. Surface of the wood before plastering upholster dranochnymi boards with mesh size 45x45 mm in the light without the interlacing Dranitsa or metal mesh with mesh size 10x10 mm. To avoid deformations of plaster from the shrinkage of wood sheathing board walls and ceilings binder should have a width not exceeding 10 cm Dranochnye boards are fixed: the vertical surfaces - clout through two intersections Dranitsa in the third, to the horizontal surface - through one intersection. Wooden panels prefabricated walls and floors to be plastering, stud ragged in the manufacture of exterior wooden walls, wooden ceilings, partitions, walls in rooms that require high termoili insulation, gas-tightness before stuffing drann upholster various insulating materials.
The need for Joint Litigation The fate of each of these co-parties may be different from others. The interests are competing among themselves. Necessary, that following a material relationship or the impossibility of dividing law exists, in this kind of joint litigation of a community of fate, since the sentence will be the same and identical for all groups. This institution necessary joint litigation arises when several people have, and make up inextricably, the quality of the material part, ie part of a substantive legal relationship (Art. 93 CPC). In this case, only the legal relationship is improved if all co-parties proceedings appear, ie legal claims or if all co-parties are located, unless the law to the contrary. In this type of joint litigation there is no criterion of opportunity that will allow multiple parties to act together the process, it is necessary criterion which requires the presence of a number of litigants in the same process. For example: A and B made a contract of sale of a house in favor of C. After completion of the legal business, believes that the sale there grounds for termination of contract due to injury. Sue judicial resolution of contract against C, but also must give notice to B, who took part in the purchase contract. The source of the necessary joint litigation, is found in the legal relationship of the dispute substantive material. Usually derived from a material relationship or rule of law. The source is found in the joint litigation regarding the disputed material, that is, its origin lies outside the procedural relation.